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A person performing a kirtan is known as a kirtankara (or kirtankar). A Kirtan performance includes an accompaniment of regionally popular musical instruments, such as the harmonium, the veena or ektara (forms of string instruments), the tabla (one-sided drums), the mrdanga or pakhawaj (two-sided drum), flute (forms of woodwind instruments), and karatalas or talas (cymbals). It is a major practice in Hinduism, Vaisnava devotionalism, Sikhism, the Sant traditions and some forms of Buddhism, as well as other religious groups. Kirtan is sometimes accompanied by story-telling and acting. Texts typically cover religious, mythological or social subjects.
Manusmriti mentions the Vedas and Upanishads as the authoritative texts of Hinduism and the 'five great kulatrinis or temporal authorities', Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva, Kama and Surya, which are meant to represent the five phases of human life. Kirtankaras such as Tukaram are not limited to the performance of kirtanas; in some such as the Ritikas, they are accepted to interpret, explain and complement the main Kirtan, as if the kirtan has been a part of the Vedic text. An example of this is the case of Kirtan Sangeet. Even after the enactment of the Rigveda, a kirtana called Taranga, was created by the Rishi who is supposed to have achieved the Supreme Knowledge of all, the people's souls were attracted to such kirtanas called Tarangas, and so the Taranga became such a part of the Vedic Kirtana. 7211a4ac4a