AP Seal 500 is used for sealing cracks in concrete structures through pressure injection. Applications include sealing hairline cracks, expansion joints, wide cracks, pipe joints, and pipe penetrations. It's also ideal for saturating dry oakum to create a flexible gasket for sealing pipe penetrations, joints and larger defects in concrete structures.
This polyurethane injection does not require a catalyst. Other advantages include its tenacious bond to wet concrete and high elongation charactaristics. It's also thin enough to penetrate tight cracks, moderately hydrophilic, and phthalate free (more environmentally friendly). Last but not least, it's certified To NSF 61-5 (approved for contact with drinking water).
Alchemy was completely reworked in 0.7.0, allowing for it to be greatly expanded! There are over 50 recipes that can be made, and each has their own niche use. Alchemy can be performed either in laboratory rooms or using an alchemyst's toolkit.
The Alchemy Guide is an in-game reference resource that can be found next to the Adventurer's Guide. Pages are obtained inside alchemy rooms throughout the run and describe various recipes available to the player. At least 1 alchemy room will now be found per each chapter. A standard page looks like this:
If a scroll of transmutation is used on a potion, it will transform into its respective exotic potion, and vice versa. However, exotic potions cannot be converted back into their regular variants via alchemy.
If a scroll of transmutation is used on a scroll, it will transform into its respective exotic scroll, and vice versa. However, exotic scrolls cannot be converted back into their regular variants via alchemy.
Brews and elixirs are greatly empowered versions of potions created by mixing a potion with alchemical catalyst or blob of goo. They have very powerful effect or multiple effects at once. While brews cause negative effects and are supposed to be used on enemies, elixirs have positive effects and should be used on you or your allies.
Spells are crafted by combining various consumables with an arcane catalyst or a cursed shard and an effect characters, items or environment. Individual spells usually aren't that powerful, but each recipe produces more than one.
For leaking joints, identify if the cold joint runs vertically or horizontally. Injection holes have to be angle drilled into the joint. For leaking cracks, drill the injection holes in a zig-zag pattern around the crack to make sure that the injection hole intersects the crack.
Now with Gil Joo, he did not have energy within himself nor was able to gather energy from the environment to carry out the process. Therefore, he needed to crush a Soul Ejector to release the energy contained with it to fuel his Alchemy of Soul spell (notice that Naksu did not need to crush anything). Another way to look it is that Soul Ejectors are like catalysts. They lower the activation energy needed to begin a reaction. Now because a great amount of energy was transferred to Jang Uk the spell or reaction was not able to be carried out.
*You will need to purchase the recipes and catalysts included in the Recipe Expansion Pack "The Art of Synthesis" and Recipe Expansion Pack "The Art of Battle" from Gnome at the Crystal Sparkle Pavilion. Purchasing items from Gnome will become available as you progress the story.
The ancient Romans used a form of lime mortar that has been found to have self-healing properties. By 2014, geologist Marie Jackson and her colleagues had recreated the type of mortar used in Trajan's Market and other Roman structures such as the Pantheon and the Colosseum and studied its response to cracking. The Romans mixed a particular type of volcanic ash called Pozzolane Rosse, from the Alban Hills volcano, with quicklime and water. They used it to bind together decimeter-sized chunks of tuff, an aggregate of volcanic rock.As a result of pozzolanic activity as the material cured, the lime interacted with other chemicals in the mix and was replaced by crystals of a calcium aluminosilicate mineral called strätlingite. Crystals of platey strätlingite grow in the cementitious matrix of the material including the interfacial zones where cracks would tend to develop. This ongoing crystal formation holds together the mortar and the coarse aggregate, countering crack formation and resulting in a material that has lasted for 1,900 years.
Plants and animals have the capacity to seal and heal wounds. In all plants and animals examined, firstly a self-sealing phase and secondly a self-healing phase can be identified. In plants, the rapid self-sealing prevents the plants from desiccation and from infection by pathogenic germs. This gives time for the subsequent self-healing of the injury which in addition to wound closure also results in the (partly) restoration of mechanical properties of the plant organ. Based on a variety of self-sealing and self-healing processes in plants, different functional principles were transferred into bio-inspired self-repairing materials. The connecting link between the biological model and the technical application is an abstraction describing the underlying functional principle of the biological model which can be for example an analytical model or a numerical model. In cases where mainly physical-chemical processes are involved a transfer is especially promising.There is evidence in the academic literature of these biomimetic design approaches being used in the development of self-healing systems for polymer composites.The DIW[clarification needed] structure from above can be used to essentially mimic the structure of skin. Toohey et al. did this with an epoxy substrate containing a grid of microchannels containing dicyclopentadiene (DCPD), and incorporated Grubbs' catalyst to the surface. This showed partial recovery of toughness after fracture, and could be repeated several times because of the ability to replenish the channels after use. The process is not repeatable forever, because the polymer in the crack plane from previous healings would build up over time.Inspired by rapid self-sealing processes in the twining liana Aristolochia macrophylla and related species (pipevines) a biomimetic PU-foam coating for pneumatic structures was developed. With respect to low coating weight and thickness of the foam layer maximum repair efficiencies of 99.9% and more have been obtained. Other role models are latex bearing plants as the weeping fig (Ficus benjamina), the rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis) and spurges (Euphorbia spp.), in which the coagulation of latex is involved in the sealing of lesions. Different self-sealing strategies for elastomeric materials were developed showing significant mechanical restoration after a macroscopic lesion.
From a molecular perspective, traditional polymers yield to mechanical stress through cleavage of sigma bonds. While newer polymers can yield in other ways, traditional polymers typically yield through homolytic or heterolytic bond cleavage. The factors that determine how a polymer will yield include: type of stress, chemical properties inherent to the polymer, level and type of solvation, and temperature.From a macromolecular perspective, stress induced damage at the molecular level leads to larger scale damage called microcracks. A microcrack is formed where neighboring polymer chains have been damaged in close proximity, ultimately leading to the weakening of the fiber as a whole.
In intrinsic systems, the material is inherently able to restore its integrity. While extrinsic approaches are generally autonomous, intrinsic systems often require an external trigger for the healing to take place (such as thermo-mechanical, electrical, photo-stimuli, etc.). It is possible to distinguish among 5 main intrinsic self-healing strategies. The first one is based on reversible reactions, and the most widely used reaction scheme is based on Diels-Alder (DA) and retro-Diels-Alder (rDA) reactions. Another strategy achieves the self-healing in thermoset matrices by incorporating meltable thermoplastic additives. A temperature trigger allows the redispertion of thermoplastic additives into cracks, giving rise to mechanical interlocking. Polymer interlockings based on dynamic supramolecular bonds or ionomers represent a third and fourth scheme. The involved supramolecular interactions and ionomeric clusters are generally reversible and act as reversible cross-links, thus can equip polymers with self-healing ability. Finally, an alternative method for achieving intrinsic self-healing is based on molecular diffusion.
A soft poly(urea-urethane) network uses the metathesis reaction in aromatic disulphides to provide room-temperature self-healing properties, without the need for external catalysts. This chemical reaction is naturally able to create covalent bonds at room temperature, allowing the polymer to autonomously heal without an external source of energy. Left to rest at room temperature, the material mended itself with 80 percent efficiency after only two hours and 97 percent after 24 hours.In 2014 a polyurea elastomer-based material was shown to be self-healing, melding together after being cut in half, without the addition of catalysts or other chemicals. The material also include inexpensive commercially available compounds. The elastomer molecules were tweaked, making the bonds between them longer. The resulting molecules are easier to pull apart from one another and better able to rebond at room temperature with almost the same strength. The rebonding can be repeated. Stretchy, self-healing paints and other coatings recently took a step closer to common use, thanks to research being conducted at the University of Illinois. Scientists there have used "off-the-shelf" components to create a polymer that melds back together after being cut in half, without the addition of catalysts or other chemicals. 2b1af7f3a8